Persepolis, or Takht-e-Jamshid, the spring and summer capital of the Achaemenid kings, is arguably the most impressive archaeological site of the ancient Iranian world. Founded by Darius I (r. 522-486 B.C.), Persepolis remained the seat of Achaemenid royal power for nearly two centuries. Burned in 330 B.C., when Alexander of Macedon swept through Persia, the site was never rebuilt. 

The carvings on the apadana, or audience hall, depict the subject peoples of the Achaemenid Empire in their native clothing bringing tribute from their respective lands, including textiles, livestock, and specialized goods. These reliefs underscore the vastness and cultural diversity of the Achaemenid Empire.